Thursday, December 16, 2010
Monday, December 6, 2010
Tuesday, November 30, 2010
Not only do such programs, by their very nature, minimize the abstinence component of sex education, but many of these programs also implicitly encourage sexual activity among the youths they teach. The guidelines developed for example, include teaching children aged five through eight about masturbation and teaching youths aged 9 through 12 about alternative sexual activities such as mutual masturbation, "outercourse," and oral sex. In addition, the SEICUS guidelines suggest informing youths aged 16 through 18 that sexual activity can include bathing or showering together as well as oral, vaginal, or anal intercourse, and that they can use erotic photographs, movies, or literature to enhance their sexual fantasies when alone or with a partner. Not only do such activities carry their own risks for youth, but they are also likely to increase the incidence of sexual intercourse.
In recent years, parental support for real abstinence education has grown. Because of this, many traditional safe-sex programs now take to calling themselves "abstinence plus" or "abstinence-based" education. In reality, there is little abstinence training in "abstinence-based" education. Instead, these programs are thinly disguised efforts to promote condom use. The actual content of most "abstinence plus" curricula would be alarming to most parents. For example, such programs typically have condom use exercises in which middle school students practice unrolling condoms on cucumbers or dildoes.
Critics of abstinence education often assert that while abstinence education that exclusively promotes abstaining from premarital sex is a good idea in theory, there is no evidence that such education can actually reduce sexual activity among young people. Such criticism is erroneous. There are currently 10 scientific evaluations (described below) that demonstrate the effectiveness of abstinence programs in altering sexual behavior. Each of the programs evaluated is a real abstinence (or what is conventionally termed an "abstinence only") program; that is, the program does not provide contraceptives or encourage their use.
The abstinence programs and their evaluations are as follows:
1. An article in the Journal of the American Medical Association by Dr. Michael Resnick and others entitled "Protecting Adolescents From Harm: Findings from the National Longitudinal Study on Adolescent Health" shows that "abstinence pledge" programs are dramatically effective in reducing sexual activity among teenagers in grades 7 through 12.Based on a large national sample of adolescents, the study concludes that "Adolescents who reported having taken a pledge to remain a virgin were at significantly lower risk of early age of sexual debut."
In fact, the study found that participating in an abstinence program and taking a formal pledge of virginity were by far the most significant factors in a youth's delaying early sexual activity. The study compared students who had taken a formal pledge of virginity with students who had not taken a pledge but were otherwise identical in terms of race, income, school performance, degree of religiousness, and other social and demographic factors. Based on this analysis, the authors discovered that the level of sexual activity among students who had taken a formal pledge of virginity was one-fourth the level of that of their counterparts who had not taken a pledge. Overall, nearly 16 percent of girls and 10 percent of boys were found to have taken a virginity pledge.
2. Not Me, Not Now is a community-wide abstinence intervention targeted to 9- to 14-year-olds in Monroe County, New York, which includes the city of Rochester. The Not Me, Not Now program devised a mass communications strategy to promote the abstinence message through paid TV and radio advertising, billboards, posters distributed in schools, educational materials for parents, an interactive Web site, and educational sessions in school and community settings. The program sought to communicate five themes: raising awareness of the problem of teen pregnancy, increasing an understanding of the negative consequences of teen pregnancy, developing resistance to peer pressure, promoting parent-child communication, and promoting abstinence among teens.
Not Me, Not Now was effective in reaching early teen listeners, with some 95 percent of the target audience within the county reporting that they had seen a Not Me, Not Now ad. During the intervention period, the program achieved a statistically significant positive shift in attitudes among pre-teens and early teens in the county. The sexual activity rate of 15-year-olds across the county (as reported in the Youth Risk Behavior Survey ) dropped by a statistically significant amount from 46.6 percent to 31.6 percent during the intervention period. Finally, the pregnancy rate for girls aged 15 through 17 in Monroe County fell by a statistically significant amount, from 63.4 pregnancies per 1,000 girls to 49.5 pregnancies per 1,000. The teen pregnancy rate fell more rapidly in Monroe County than in comparison counties and in upstate New York in general, and the difference in the rate of decrease was statistically significant.
5. A 2001 evaluation of the effectiveness of the virginity pledge movement using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health finds that virginity pledge programs are highly effective in helping adolescents to delay sexual activity. According to the authors of the study:
Adolescents who pledge, controlling for all of the usual characteristics of adolescents and their social contexts that are associated with the transition to sex, are much less likely than adolescents who do not pledge, to have intercourse. The delay effect is substantial and robust. Pledging delays intercourse for a long time.
8. Postponing Sexual Involvement was an abstinence program developed by Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia, and provided to low-income 8th grade students. A study published in Family Planning Perspectives, based on a sample of 536 low-income students, showed that the PSI program was effective in altering sexual behavior. A comparison of the program participants with a control population of comparable low-income minority students who did not participate showed that PSI reduced the rate of initiation of sexual activity during the 8th grade by some 60 percent for boys and over 95 percent for girls. As the study explained:
The program had a pronounced effect on the behavior of both boys and girls who had not been sexually involved before the program.... By the end of eighth grade, boys who had not had the program were more than three times as likely to have begun having sex as were boys who had the program.... Girls who had not had the program were as much as 15 times more likely to have begun having sex as were girls who had had the program.
10. The Teen Aid Family Life education Project is a widely used abstinence education program for high school and junior high students. An evaluation of the effectiveness of Teen Aid, involving a sample of over 1,300 students, was performed in 21 schools in California, Idaho, Oregon, Mississippi, Utah, and Washington. The Teen Aid program was shown to have a statistically significant effect in reducing the rate of initiation of sexual activity (loss of virginity) among high-risk high school students, compared with similar students in control schools. Among at-risk high school students who participated in the program, the rate of initiation of sexual activity was cut by more than one-fourth, from 37 percent to 27 percent. A similar pattern of reduction was found among at-risk junior high school students, but the effects did not achieve statistical significance. The program did not have statistically significant effects among lower-risk students.
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~ December 2010 ~
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PR: Confirmed with Pertama on date and availability
PC: Rough module
PM: Meeting on Progress
Treasurer: Submission of sponsorships letter to related companies
Pamphlet, banner, poster design completed
ST: Pamphlet, banner, poster printed
PR & All: Distribution of pamphlets, banners and poster in housing areas and at 1st Muharram talks in mosques
PM: Meeting on Progress
PT: Book venue and equipments
PC & All: Faci training session
ST: Confirm no. of participants
Catering: Book foods
ST: Program book and certificates
PM: Meeting on Progress
PC: Briefing of masterplan
18 The Execution Day! Let’s pray to Allah=)
PUTRAJAYA: Kira-kira 500,000 murid Tahun Satu sesi persekolahan 2011 bakal menjadi kumpulan pertama diajar pendidikan seks yang diperkenalkan menerusi Kurikulum Standard Sekolah Rendah (KSSR), mulai Januari depan.
Pengarah Bahagian Pembangunan Kurikulum, , Datu Dr Julaihi Bujang, berkata pendedahan pendidikan seks itu akan diajar menerusi subjek Pendidikan Kesihatan, di bawah Modul Teras Asas bagi Tahap Satu membabitkan murid Tahun Satu hingga Tiga.
“Perkembangan manusia mendedahkan murid mengenai pengetahuan sistem reproduktif manusia, manakala perhubungan pula menjurus mengenai dan persahabatan. Murid turut didedahkan mengenai perkahwinan dan kekeluargaan yang merangkumi tanggungjawab sepanjang hayat sebagai , manakala kebolehan dalam membuat keputusan menjadi pengisian kepada tunjang kemahiran kendiri.
“Turut diberi penekanan adalah kesihatan dan tingkah laku seksual yang membicarakan amalan seks sepanjang kehidupan, kaedah mengelakkan hubungan seksual, fantasi, kehamilan, penyakit seksual berjangkit, HIV dan Aids, manakala masyarakat dan budaya pula menyentuh mengenai isu seks dan masyarakat dan perundangan,” katanya kepada di pejabatnya di sini.
Julaihi berkata, keputusan menjadikan pendidikan seks sebagai pengisian utama subjek Pendidikan Kesihatan diambil selepas mengambil kira maklum balas dan pandangan pelbagai pihak termasuk Persatuan Aids Malaysia menerusi perbincangan meja bulat yang diadakan bagi memastikan kurikulum yang dibentuk memenuhi keperluan semasa pendidikan negara.
Beliau berkata, guru yang terbabit dengan pengajaran subjek berkenaan sudah diberi kursus, manakala bahan pengajaran turut disediakan bagi memudahkan murid mengikutinya, tahun depan.
“Kita amat berharap ibu bapa tidak bimbang dengan perkembangan terbaru ini, malah kita sendiri akui apa saja perkara baru membabitkan dasar atau kurikulum pasti ada yang sukar menerima dan memahaminya.
“Apapun, kita yakin jika pelaksanaannya (pendidikan seks) dapat dijalankan dengan baik dan lancar, masyarakat khususnya ibu bapa pasti memberi sokongan dan kerjasama terhadap pembaharuan ini,” katanya.
Julaihi menjelaskan, selain Pendidikan Kesihatan, subjek lain di bawah Modul Teras Asas murid Tahap Satu termasuk subjek , Bahasa Malaysia (BM), Bahasa Inggeris (BI), Bahasa Cina (BC), Bahasa Tamil (BT), Matematik serta Pendidikan Islam/Moral.
Di bawah Modul Teras Tema pula, katanya, dua subjek baru turut diperkenalkan kepada murid Tahun Satu iaitu Dunia Kesenian serta Dunia , masing-masing mendedahkan kemahiran berkaitan seni visual dan muzik serta Teknologi Komunikasi dan Maklumat.
Katanya, murid Sekolah Kebangsaan juga diberi peluang memilih subjek tambahan di bawah Modul Elektif yang menyediakan subjek , BC Sekolah Kebangsaan, BT Sekolah Kebangsaan, Bahasa Iban dan Bahasa Kadazandusun.
“Bagi kurikulum Tahap Dua pula membabitkan murid Tahun Empat, Lima dan Enam, kurikulum diorganisasikan dalam bentuk subjek teras dan elektif dan dilaksanakan mulai 2014.
“Antara subjek baru yang bakal diperkenalkan adalah Reka Bentuk dan Teknologi Maklumat/ICT dan Sejarah, manakala subjek sedia ada seperti BM, BI, BC, BT, Pendidikan Kesihatan, Pendidikan Jasmani, Matematik, Sains dan Pendidikan Islam/Moral,” katanya.
“Pelaksanaan KSSR adalah usaha kita untuk mentransformasikan pendidikan sekolah dengan menyatupadukan pelbagai disiplin ilmu bagi menjadikan (P&P) lebih menarik, menyeronokkan dan bermakna.
“Enam tunjang menjadi teras pelaksanaan KSSR mencakupi komunikasi, perkembangan fizikal dan estetika, kemanusiaan, keterampilan diri, sains dan teknologi serta kerohanian, sikap dan nilai,” katanya.
Mengenai penyediaan guru, beliau menjelaskan, Kementerian Pelajaran sudah melatih lebih 2,000 Jurulatih Utama (JU) setiap mata pelajaran di peringkat kebangsaan yang bertanggungjawab melatih guru di negeri masing-masing.
“JU bertanggungjawab mendedahkan pendekatan P&P yang terbaik dan sesuai diterjemahkan guru di dalam kelas seperti dihasratkan dalam KSSR,” katanya.
Monday, November 15, 2010
Iman to EdaAssalamualaikum, dear ukt eda..Hope that this reaches u while u are in the best of Iman..ameenI am Iman fifth year medical student from IIUM Kuantan. Insya Allah we will be organizing a sexual education program for secondary school students somewhere next year. the details are in the working paper attached. it is a very simple program, but we are also doing a mini study on the issue.. you can refer to ajari-aku-cinta for further information on our study.It has just started, and we have been moving slow like tortoise since evryone is busy and this is our very final year, i guess the same goes to your team. Insya allah, in some way, we will get to the end.We are just wondering if some form of collaboration is possible; these are a few:
- sharing of module
- sharing of sources
- sharing of speaker
- sharing of experiences
- invitation of CUCMS student to carry out a training of trainer program. date will be informed later
these are a few that i could think of. really need you response and input since your team are well ahead.. Jazakillah =)
Eda to Iman
ya ukht iman :)
Jzkk for the mail. attachment in blog form is it? im forwarding this email to my colleagues, insyaallah we'll come out with few suggestions later on. in the mean time please continue your beutiful effort, :)
ill come back to you as soon as possible. sorry as there are not much can be done in this due time T.T
looking forward to collaborate insyaallah.
take care wassalam
ukhwah fillah :)